Disproportionate Minority Contact
The Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act requires that states identify, assess, address, and monitor disproportionate minority contact (DMC) for juvenile minority populations that represent more than 1% of the total juvenile population for the state. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed the relative rate index (RRI) to measure and monitor DMC at each of nine contact points in the juvenile justice system: 1) arrest; 2) referral to court; 3) diversion (includes informal probation); 4) secure detention; 5) charges (petition) filed; 6) found delinquent; 7) placed on formal probation; 8) placed in secure correctional facility; and 9) transferred to adult court.
The Youth Justice Advisory Council (YJAC) established a seven member standing committee to advise the Council on DMC. Four committee members must be members of the YJAC and three may be members-at-large. The chair of the YJAC appoints all members of the DMC Committee but the Governor’s Office on Indian Affairs may provide an 8th ex-officio member. In 2007, the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s (AECF) Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) launched four sites in the state to address DMC at the system contact points of arrest, diversion, and detention.
The DMC Committee tracks RRIs and other progress on DMC for the state and each DMC/JDAI site.
Together the YJAC and the DMC Committee develop a 3-Year Plan updated annually to address DMC including RRI trends.
For national tools and resources to support DMC efforts, click on OJJDP’s Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Virtual Resource Center.